Freshwater Fish Ideas For a Beginner

Freshwater fish is a species of fish that’s simple to maintain. As a result of it’s different from seawater fish that want particular consideration when desirous to look after it.

There are quite a lot of fish species that reside in freshwater, however, it’s vital to decide on which of them are appropriate to be stored at the house. “Many species of freshwater fish, which suggests they reside in rivers, lakes, and wetlands which characterize decrease than three p.c of the earth’s water present.

There are greater than 800 species of freshwater fish recognized in North America alone. World wide, there are greater than 10,000 species “, based on national geographic.

Greater than 20 million United States Amerika residents maintain freshwater fish of their houses. This freshwater fish is the best alternative for different pets in all of America. Not solely in America, however even in all international locations, and it’s not shocking that they’re the pet of alternative.

A lot of the species that we’ll focus on in this article are species which can be simple to look after, they supply magnificence and shade at the house and are very lovely when considered.

Maintaining freshwater fish additionally has many wells being advantages resembling lowering stress, decreasing blood strain, and coronary heart fee. Most individuals who begin the passion of elevating fish feel addicted, the principle issue is that fish are so lovely to have a look at, and every fish has its traits and wonder.

The most popular freshwater fish in aquarium industry today:

1. Neon Tetra


Neon Tetra is sometimes called a gem for individuals who like fish in aquarium. It is simple to see why it is among the hottest tropical freshwater fish small. With a vibrant blue physique and vibrant pink tail.

Neon Tetras have vibrant colors and have blue horizontal traces throughout their bodies, so they appear vibrant within the waters from the reflection of ambient lights.

They want peace and acidic water with tropical temperatures, and the meals could be very simple. They’re omnivores, so not less than they want meals reminiscent of small shrimp, worms, bugs, and crops.

Neon Tetras are small species which might be simple to maintain. This fish in aquarium species turned one of much first fish small that’s a lot in demand by newbie fish lovers. Its size reaches a variety of two.2 cm and likes to be stored in teams.

They’re an excellent selection for newcomers due to their peaceable temperament.

2. Guppy

Guppy Fish

Guppy fish additionally known as million small fishes due to its fast-breeding is without doubt one of the tanked freshwater fish species which are among the many hottest within the aquarium world.

Small fishes which are colorful as a result of they’re usually known as rainbow and agile fish can adapt to numerous water circumstances, this is, without doubt, one of the explanations why they’re so fashionable.

Guppy fish can be very straightforward to maintain. It’s important to retailer it in every batch with three guppies, and excellent information to tanked freshwater fish small dimension is 1 gallon of water for every guppy small fishes.

Male guppies are way more colorful and agile than females, so in case you do not intend to breed, it is likely to be extra appropriate for elevating males.

The perfect water temperature for guppies is 50oF – 84oF (10-29oC), however a very powerful issue is that the temperature stays constant. Do not change the water usually, as a result of it is going to change the water pH.

Guppies have to be fed a combination of plant and animal meals. Give a water air purifier, so that the water lasts longer and is clear. You possibly can even think about making it your self, it is simpler than you hear.

3. Oscar

Oscar Fish

Oscar Fish

Oscars Fish also is known as velvet cichlids are freshwater fish that could be very common within the aquarium fishes world. They’re lovely and their conduct makes them nice sufficient to be seen.

Oscars are thought of to be one of many smartest aquarium fishes on the market and are one of many few species that may be skilled to do methods. However Oscars usually are not neighborhood fish, they have to be saved in a tank of just one species, and so they can develop very giant, very quick.

They want extra care than different fish, due to their aggressive nature, carnivore, and the quantity of manure they produce. Might be added cleansing fish who prefer to eat leftovers, for instance, Corydoras Catfish.

On the optimistic facet, oscar is likely one of the species which you could feed straight, they are going to usually eat meals out of your serving to hand. Oscars Fish can flourish when saved in pairs, or three teams and up, and have to be positioned collectively from a younger age. read more about oscar fish.

4. Molly

Black Mollies Fish

Black Mollies Fish

Mollies These small and peaceful species can grow about 3-4 inches and are easily adaptable to various water conditions, but to maintain them well you need to know something about them.

The ideal tanked freshwater fish conditions are tank size with a minimum of 20 gallons, and warm water with a pH between 0-7.

Mollies are omnivorous and need plant and animal foods. Interestingly, they reproduce by laying eggs. Mollies are very easy to care for, but they also breed very easily.

So if you are a beginner, maybe you can keep one species. But if you are not a beginner, this fish small is very recommended for breeding.

5. Zebra Danios


Zebra Danios is a fish that is similar to neon tetra, a striped zebra pattern that is instantly recognizable. They are very easy to care for and can grow up to 5-7cm.

Zebra Danio is a very active swimmer but not aggressive. They must be stored in at least 10 gallons of tanks, in groups of at least 5 danios.

Danios is a group of fish and can experience stress if the amount is too small. They are not greedy eaters.

The healthiest food choices for them are lots of worms, insects, and crustaceans to mimic their natural diet, but good quality flakes will also work with frozen food supplements or live food.

A breeding pair must be placed in a nursery aquarium with fine leafy plants so that they lay eggs. If you want to breed it. Danios also like to jump, so you must keep your tank closed so it is safer!

6. Platies

Sunburst Platyfish

Sunburst Platyfish

Platy is a common name for freshwater fish in the genus Xiphophorus. Platis have beautiful colors and are very easy to care for, there are only two reasons why they are so popular.

They are good community fish, they are very peaceful and get along well with guppy and molly fish because they are very similar. Platies come from tropical waters which tend to be slightly harder and have a slightly alkaline pH.

They have been widely cultivated at present because it is very flexible in terms of water parameters. They can adapt to softer or harder water. Although small, Platy is very active and likes to be in groups.

The size of the tank with the content of 10 gallons is big enough for 6 fish. Even though they are omnivores, they need more herbivorous food, than meat. Ideally, they need good vegetable protein food.

7. Cherry Barb


Cherry Barb, the name comes from the color the male changes when spawning. Usually, they have a silver / black color with a golden lateral line.

Cherry Barb can be an option to add a good collection of fish to your aquarium.

Keeping Cherry Barb in a tank in which the ratio of male to female 3 will produce the optimal color shown by male fish.

They are peaceful freshwater fish that will grow to about 2 inches and they need a minimum tank size of 25 gallons.

Cherry Barbs are omnivorous and will eat most types of food including live, fresh, frozen, and flaky foods.

They are easy to care for and can be stored in tanks with open spaces for swimming, but they also like to hide in existing plant areas.

8. Gurami

Gourami Fish

Gourami Fish

Gourami is a relatively large freshwater fish, but it is peaceful and one of the easiest fish to raise. The minimum tank size for this species is a 30-gallon tank with many hiding places, which is predominantly dark, and low lighting.

Gurami is slow-moving and is best kept with similar tempered fish, such as guppy, danio, angelfish, and others. Choose what you think is the safest to keeping together.

They can be accommodated with other fish of the same size and temperament, but you should not save them with aggressive fish. Gourami is omnivorous and must be fed foods such as algae and fleshy foods.

They are famous for eating Hydra, a small pest that has tentacles with poison, so it could be the right solution if you have problems with hydra.

9. Swordtail

Swordtail Fish

Swordtail has a body shape similar to platy and guppy fish, with a slightly larger body, and a sword-shaped extension from its rear fins.

In the wild, the swordtail usually has an olive green body with a red line that runs along the body.

The tail blade in males can grow to about 13 centimeters (5 inches) in length as indicated by the lower tail fin.

There are many different color variations available and they are quite strong, this makes it a perfect species for beginner aquarists. Swordtail is usually easy to keep.

They thrive in community tanks and like to swim with groups in large aquariums.

They reproduce easily, and if you intend to breed them, you must keep them away from their parents, because the parents of this type of fish like to eat their fry.

10. Discus

Discus Fish

Discus is sometimes referred to as the “Aquarium King” because of the beauty of its color.

This beautiful and graceful fish can grow quite large, and therefore requires a larger tank, a minimum size of 25 gallons.

Discus prefers warm, soft, sour water. The pH must be between 6.0 and 7.0.

Discus is not recommended for beginners, and should only be kept by experienced aquarists.

They can be accommodated with other fish that need the same water conditions, as long as the fish are not aggressive. Discus will eat a variety of foods but are carnivorous.

The best food for them is small crustaceans and blood worms which are equipped with flakes to provide vitamins and minerals.

11. Killifish


Killifish has a variety of bright colors. They are very strong freshwater fish, and there are more than 700 species – types that suit almost every tank condition.

They are generally peaceful fish and succeed in community tanks with other small fish that are not aggressive.

However, it is recommended that only one male per tank, because they can be aggressive towards one another when there are females.

Killifish is very easy to breed and is rapid breeding, annual or non-annual. In the wild, Killifish usually carries its eggs in the body under dry conditions for months.

When they refill water in their bodies, fish eggs will hatch. Most killifish are carnivores and can, therefore, be fed with insect larvae, worms, and crustaceans.

12. Bettas

Betta Fish

Betta Fish

Another very popular freshwater fish is the Betta. Not surprisingly, Bettas is brightly colored and easy to care for.

Betta is better kept alone because when a betta meets another male he will fight.

Bettas males are known to be aggressive towards other males. Therefore, only one male Betta must be kept in each aquarium. They can be accommodated with other peaceful fish.

Bettas need omnivorous food, both from plant and animal foods. They grow to a maximum size of 3 inches.

Although you often see Bettas in small decorative tanks, actually these fish are usually placed in larger tanks.

Betta fish need a tank that is at least 5 gallons (19 liters), and 10 gallons (38 liters) is better.

13. Plecostomus

Pleco Fish

Pleco Fish

Plec is a type of catfish, they have heavy armored plates on their bodies, and sucker-shaped mouths to eat algae in the tank.

Some species like to eat algae, moss, and flakes, and other types will need foods that contain meat such as frozen saltwater shrimp.

Breeding Plec is very difficult and only a few aquarists have succeeded in breeding it.

Plecos can live for 20 years, sometimes longer if treated properly. Also, be aware that they can also jump – so close your rod.

They can be accommodated with many different species, but avoid raising them with fat/flatfish like carp because they might suck them.

14. Rainbowfish


Rainbowfish come from Australia and Southeast Asia. This fish is a peaceful herd of fish that can grow up to 6 inches in length. Rainbowfish is a family of freshwater fish that has beautiful colors.

You might not know that there are more than 50 species of rainbowfish in the entire world.

This fish is probably one of the most unusual fish we show here, maybe because the color can start to appear when they enter adulthood.

However, if given the right care, in just a few years they can display amazing and bright colors.

Rainbowfish get along well with other upper-tier fish like larger danios, bards, and tetras.

15. Corydoras Catfish


Corydoras Catfish also known as Cory Cats, these fish are cleaners in most freshwater tanks. They are easy to care for, peaceful, and calm, but active bottom dwellers.

This fish can be kept with other fish can also store it individually and this fish can breed if kept more than one.

They are suitable for most community tank fishes as long as they are not aggressive.

Corydoras grow to 2.5 inches in length and are an excellent tank cleaner. They will take food scraps from the gravel but also need other foods such as flakes and bottom feed tablets.

16. Angelfish


Angelfish is a member of the Cichlid family, which also includes Discus, Oscar, and Parrotfish, all ordinary fish among aquarium guards. They can grow up to 6 inches in length, 8 inches in height, and have a variety of colors and patterns.

They are omnivores, so they will need a balanced diet of meat and plants.

There are many types of angelfish. The tank needed to maintain them must be at least 20 gallons, and the water must be rather soft and acidic.

When these fish are mature, they can become aggressive, especially if your tank is too full. But in general, they are good community fish, just don’t keep them with very small fish or fin species.

Some Videos Fish In Aquarium

Summary Freshwater Fish For a Beginner

Freshwater fish have a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes. The fish of choice is usually bright, colorful, and easy to care for.
If you just want to try keeping fish, I suggest choosing one species first. Do not immediately choose several fish at once. This will give you the knowledge to get to know and understand how to care for each fish species before you add another.

Make sure you always research and study the species you want to buy to make sure you can give them the time and care they need.

This article serves more as an example of a type of fish that is often an option, rather than as a guide on how to care for each fish.

Give us advice so that we are better in terms of conveying information … thank you (-_-)

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